Category Archives: Ancient Rome

Mars — Ancient History Encyclopedia

Mars by Mark Cartwright published on 16 January 2014 Mars was the Roman god of war and second only to Jupiter in the Roman pantheon. Although most of the myths involving the god were borrowed from the Greek god of … Continue reading

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Photo of the Day: Roman Forum in Pompeii

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Colosseum cleaning yields old frescos/graffiti

ROME —A long-delayed restoration of the Colosseum’s only intact internal passageway has yielded ancient traces of red, black, green and blue frescoes — as well as graffiti and drawings of phallic symbols — indicating that the arena where gladiators fought … Continue reading

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The Gladiator Tomb

AArrrghh… it’s just maddening! In 2008 archaeologists discover the 2nd century tomb of a wealthy senator, distinguished consul, and highly decorated battle-hardened general who led 20 years worth of Roman military campaigns for Emperor Marcus Aurelius against the Germanic tribes. … Continue reading

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The Secrets of Ancient Rome’s Buildings

Smithsonian Magazine What is it about Roman concrete that keeps the Pantheon and the Colosseum still standing? The Colosseum, inaugurated in A.D. 80, seated 50,000 and hosted gladiatorial games, ritual animal hunts, parades and executions The Romans started making concrete … Continue reading

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Today’s Photo: The Pantheon at Night

Built by Marcus Agrippa in 27 BC, on the Campus Martius (Field of Mars), the original Pantheon burned during a large fire in 80 AD.  Soon after the fire, it was rebuilt by Domitian, only to be burned again in … Continue reading

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Today’s photo: Public latrine, Ostia Antica

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Today’s Photo: Mosaic in Pompeii

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Today’s Photo: Amphorae in Pompeii

Amphorae in a garum factory in Pompeii These amphorae were cleaned and stacked in the corner, waiting be filled with fish sauce, when Vesuvius erupted in 79 AD.  Needless to say, the fish sauce deliveries for that week were “delayed.”

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Today’s Photo: Flavian Amphitheater in Rome (The Colosseum)

Building on the site of the Emperor Nero’s private lake, the construction of the Amphitheatrum Flavium (Flavian Amphitheater) was begun in 72 AD by the Emperor Titus Flavius Caesar Vespasianus Augustus, and was completed 8 years later by his successor, … Continue reading

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Today’s Photo: Arch of Gallienus

Located on Rome’s Esquiline Hill, on the site of the Porta Esquilina, the Arch of Gallienus was commissioned in 262 AD by Marcus Aurelius Victor in honor of the Emperor Gallienus.  Originally consisting of three arches, only one survives today.

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Today’s Photo: Pons Aemilius, The Ponte Rotto, Rome

  Located immediately downstream from Tiber Island, the Ponte Rotto (Broken Bridge) was originally erected during the 3rd century BC.  The bridge was likely constructed as part of the Via Aurelia, the road to Etruria.  The visible remains seen today … Continue reading

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Today’s Photo: Roman Brick Stamp From Ostia

Beginning around the middle first century BC, Roman brick makers began to stamp their bricks with identifying marks.  By the first century AD, urban brick stamps included the names of the Consuls for that year.  This brick, found in Ostia … Continue reading

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Today’s Photo: Gameboard in the Roman Forum, Rome

Several of these gameboards can be found scattered about the Roman Forum, in Rome.  This one is etched into the steps of the Basilica Julia.

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Today’s Photo: Paestum, Italy

Located about 54 miles southeast of Naples, Italy, the 7th Century BC Graeco-Roman city of Paestum is home to some of the oldest and best preserved Doric temples anywhere.   Founded by Greek colonists from Sybaris, and originally called Poseidonia, today … Continue reading

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